We assess the animal for pain using behavioral clues by pets watching whether normal behaviors are present and whether any new behaviors have appeared.

Each patient will have a customized pain management plan based on anticipating the type, severity, and duration of pain expected (for example, post-surgical pain management).

Treatment for pain often involves drugs but should also include other physical treatments, such as compresses, massage, physical therapy, and other methods.

Signs of pain can be subtle and difficult to recognize, so animals suspected of being in pain may be treated with drugs and then watched for improvement.

Adequate pain relief after surgery or trauma allows the animal to rest. Dogs and cats often sleep more than usual for a few days after surgery, but a caregiver should be able to wake them up if the dosage of the analgesic drug is appropriate